Prostate enlargement is the commonest benign growth in the elderly man. It affects up to 50% of men above 50 years of age. The incidence of prostate cancer is on the rise and it is now the 5th commonest cancer. Early prostate cancer is silent. Treatment and cure is possible in early prostate cancer, hence the emphasis on early detection.
In his lecture, Dr Ho explained the signs and symptoms to 'look out' for to differentiate between benign prostate enlargement and prostate cancer. Early prostate cancer is usually detected by a blood test called PSA, prostate specific antigen. An abnormal reading warrants further investigation with an ultrasound and biopsy of the prostate gland.